Monday, March 3, 2014

A2 PE - Visual Awareness and Decision Making

Visual Awareness:

Task 1: Discuss what contributes to Visual Awareness and Decision Making and suggest sports where this is most/least relevant.

Task 2: Visual Memory game

Task 3: Visual Concentration and Reaction Equipment/Set-up:

Three balls or objects with different colors or colored markings. There will be a tactical response for each color. Perform practice drills linking color to tactical response.

Variations: Begin by presenting colors/responses in predictable pattern, vary color presentation, and change color/response designations.

Task 3: Define the following Key Terms:

Channel Capacity


Peripheral Vision

The ability to perceive actions from the corner of their eyes

Give an example of how this may be used in your sport?

Depth Perception

The ability to see down field and judge how far away targets/performers/objects are.

Give an example of how this may be used in your sport?


Seeing things clearly and sharply

What do you think is the difference between STATIC and DYNAMIC acuity and give sporting examples of each.

Monday, January 27, 2014

A2 PE - Short Term Psychology

Complete the following questions:

Explain the effects on sporting performance caused by cognitive and somatic anxiety. (5)

The presence of others can either facilitate or inhibit an athlete's performance. Outline the theory of Evaluation Apprehension. (4)

Outline the  strategies of visualisation and imagery. Explain how each strategy can be used to help athletes prepare for elite sports competitions. (6)

A2 PE - Short Term Psych

Motivation vs Stress Control:

Motivation can be effected by confidence.

Bandura (1977) - Self Efficacy (self confidence is specific to a situation - can effect motivation)

Influenced by four factors:

Performance Accomplishments - past experiences

Vicarious Experiences - Performances observed before - watching others

Verbal/Social Persuasion - motivation from significant others

Emotional Arousal - how a performer feels about their level of arousal


A natural reaction to a threat in the environment - fight or flight

Three dimensions:

Cognitive (mental) - worry about performance
Somatic (physiological) - symptoms including raised heart rate, increased perspiration, shortness of breath
Behavioural - tension and aggitation.

Two Types of Anxiety:

State Anxiety - specific to a particular role, place or level of competition
Trait Anxiety - a general and enduring feeling of apprehension




Choking - inability to perform optimally due to anxiety

Strategies to prevent choking:

Cognitive - Mental Rehearsal - self talk/imagery
Coping Skills - Behavioural - Cue Utilisation (concentrate on relevant cues)
Cognitive and Somatic - Relaxation techniques - Yoga/breathing/music

Agression V Assertion:

Discuss as a group to come up with a definition of the term agression.

Can you find any suitable examples that could be used in an exam question?

What causes agressive acts in sport?

What's the difference between agression and assertion

External Influences

The Crowd Effect:

Social Facilitation - influence other people can have on performance (opponents/team mates/ spectators)

Social Inhibition - effect of audience on performer (arousal of performer/competitive drive/speed of performance)

Coping with crowds:

  • Selective attention
  • Visualisation
  • Dominant responses - over learning
  • Evaluation
  • Simulation
  • Stress management and relaxation
Evaluation Apprehension - Cottrell (1972) - where the performer feels the audience is judging/evaluating their performance.